Research Publications

As an organisation ROTA has made the decision to refrain from using the term ‘BAME’ to identify anyone that is subject to racialisation. We recognise that the term has previously been used in our publications however; we have since reviewed this and acknowledge that it is non specific, lacks nuance, and generalises anyone that deviates from what is classified as white which is of course deeply problematic. With this in mind, we will instead use the term ‘globalmajority’, or specify the racial identification of the individual that we are making reference to in this report.

You can download the all ROTA's research publications below free of charge. 

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ROTA (April 2022) Informal Exclusions from School - A ROTA Research Report

ROTA is pleased to announce the re-issue of the Report on Informal Exclusions from School. 

We apologise for the delay. After the release of the Report in February 2022, some references and sources were updated and others added for clarification.

This Report presents findings from desk research, Freedom of Information requests, interviews, focus groups and round table events conducted by Race on the Agenda (ROTA) from July 2019 to August 2020. Among the participants were parents, teachers, youth leaders and young people who had experienced informal exclusions from school.

ROTA’s research was interrupted by circumstances beyond our control – notably the COVID-19 pandemic and the closing of many schools and youth organisations – a situation which delayed publication for up to a year. Since 2021 we have continued to monitor and reflect on developments in relation to informal exclusions. We have included references to more recent policy documents, statistics and research although it has not been possible to incorporate them all or to update the original findings of this report. It is ROTA’s intention to continue research in this area to further our aim to challenge and change the system of informal exclusions from school.

Read the report HERE.

Beyond Race and ROTA (January 2021) It takes a system - The systemic nature of racism and pathways to systems change

It takes a system: The systemic nature of racism and pathways to systems change

A new report by Dr Sanjiv Lingayah and ROTA shines a light on systemic racism. It takes a system provides a clear definition of this slippery concept and outlines an agenda for dismantling systemic racism. This includes creative efforts to bring to life how systems function as well as the development, by advocates and activists, of blueprints to show what a system that centres racial and other justice looks like.

Finally, to move towards a system that advances racial justice, we need proper funding for both the ‘fast’ work to deal with the crises of racial injustice and the ‘slow’ work of addressing systemic causes.

Download the report HERE.

Also see the related blog.


ROTA (May 2020) COVID-19 and the issue of informal exclusion from school

Concerns have been raised about how the children of less well off families will be faring and how they will be home schooled during the Corona lockdown, but not enough thought has been given to the race dimension. Little consideration is given to those children who had been ‘advised’ by schools to learn at home before the lockdown began – a way of informally excluding pupils.

The COVID-19 outbreak has served to highlight the failings of the education system towards young people informally excluded from school, who are disproportionately BAME. Children formally and informally excluded from school prior to COVID-19 are not getting the support available to other vulnerable children. In Government briefings on educational provision while schools are closed, these pupils are not among those officially recognised as vulnerable. Data collection on informally excluded pupils before the COVID-19 has been found wanting, but an absence of data does not mean that the young people themselves do not exist. ROTA’s recent report asks whether the COVID-19 lockdown can offer an opportunity for schools, AP providers and local authorities to review how informal exclusions can be monitored, so that these young people – referred to as ‘Others’ – can be better identified and supported, not just now but in the future.

Read the report HERE.

ROTA (September 2019) Mind the Gap: Choice, opportunity and access to Higher Education for UK-domiciled BAME students

Mind the Gap: Choice, Opportunity and Access in Higher Education for UK-Domiciled BAME students. A commentary on the Augar Review.

The Augar Review of Post-18 Education and Funding was published in May 2019. ROTA considered the Report in terms of how its recommendations may influence BAME students’ and prospective students’ decisions to apply to university and their choice of course. Our views are presented HERE.

Hardly Hard to Reach (June 2019): The Case for Refugee-Led Mental Health Services Summary and Recommendations

Active Lives, Healthy Minds is a three year (June 2016-2019) refugee-led mental health and wellbeing project in West London run by Race on the Agenda (ROTA) in partnership with Account Trust (Nepali community organisation), Network of Eritrean Women UK, Qoys Daryeel – Family Care (Somali community organisation), the Tamil Community Centre and Ilays. The project is funded by The National Lottery Community Fund and aims to improve mental health

Active Lives, Healthy Minds - End of project report (June 2019) Hardly Hard to Reach Towards Refugee-Led Mental Health Provision

Hardly Hard to Reach Towards Refugee-Led Mental Health Provision

Through our partner organisations, the project worked with people from a refugee or migrant background. When it comes to addressing the mental health support needs, members of refugee communities often face three-fold challenges: Firstly, many refugees and migrants experienced adversity including loss, trauma in the country of origin and arduous journeys that have left their imprint on their physical and mental health status. Secondly, refugees live in a context of on-going stress associated with their refugee/asylum statuses, difficulties of adjustment and integration in an era of xenophobia and anti-immigration rhetoric. Thirdly, there are limited culturally/linguistically appropriate services refugees can access without fear of being judged by members of the host community or being stigmatised by members of their own community. As a result, people from a refugee or migrant background often do not access formal mental health services.

ROTA and EHRC (March 2019) Following Grenfell: Grenfell residents’ access to public services and support

Following Grenfell: Grenfell residents’ access to public services and support

Race on the Agenda has carried out research, in partnership with the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC), to look at the human rights and equality dimensions of the Grenfell fire tragedy in June 2017. The purpose of the research has been to determine if the State is fulfilling its duties under human rights and equality law.

This report presents the lived experience of people who were affected by the fire at Grenfell Tower.  It shows the difficulties they have faced in accessing advice and support services such as housing, immigration, welfare support and healthcare.

The report looks at the experiences of residents and stakeholders within the context of the following human rights:

  • the right to adequate housing
  • the right to life
  • freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • equality and non-discrimination
  • children's rights

The research was conducted by Poornima Karunacadacharan and Ayah Omar from ROTA, with assistance from Preeti Kathrecha and Marion Sander at the EHRC and Andy Gregg, Eleanor Stokes and Kimberly McIntosh at ROTA. Thanks are due to the ROTA volunteers who transcribed the interviews: Amana Qureshi, Tahira Bakhtiari, Nausheen Khan and Parana Rajesh. Stuart Hodkinson and Sue Lukes advised ROTA on ethical issues and survey design and Sue Lukes assisted with editing.

We hope this research will influence the Grenfell Tower inquiry by supporting the arguments survivors are making and ensuring equality and human rights issues are not overlooked.

This research project was commissioned by the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC).

Read the report HERE.

ROTA (November 2018) Brexit for BAME Britain: Investigating the impact

Brexit for BAME Britain: Investigating the impack

Findings from ROTA’s briefing with Rabia Mirza and Dr Irum Shehreen Ali finds the overall impact of Brexit on Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) communities will be negative, both economically and for community relations if the government does not change track. Using the data and projections available we find that BAME communities are in a triple bind: socioeconomically worse off than their white counterparts; blamed for economic insecurity and ‘cultural change’; and, as a result, the main targets of hate crime as visible minorities.

Learn more about why this is happening, and what ROTA hopes to see from the government in our briefing.

ROTA (January 2017) Where are the BAME Trustees?


Preliminary findings from ROTA suggest that BAME people are among the least-represented group as Trustees of charities, in the UK.  The Boards of many mainstream voluntary sector organisations have few or no BAME trustees. Although the charities in our survey were aware of the need to increase diversity amongst their trustees, there was little evidence that positive steps were being taken to address this issue.

Learn more about the reasons why this may be happening, and what ROTA hopes to do to improve the level of BAME representation in our report

ROTA (September 2016) Equality and Inclusion in the Academies Programme

ROTA (September 2016) Equality and Inclusion in the Academies Programme cover
Equality and Inclusion in the Academies Programme: 2016 indicates that the democratic process, by which local communities have a say in what happens to their schools, could be in jeopardy and that BAME people in particular are under-represented on the governing bodies of Multi-Academy Trusts.
Closing the attainment gap between disadvantaged pupils and others has not been effectively addressed by some of the largest Multi-Academy Trusts in England. Furthermore, the assessment processes carried out by MATs appear to disproportionately exclude BAME pupils and fail to adequately support excluded pupils. 
Download the report HERE.


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